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Frequently Asked Questions






When will work on the Project start?
Initial work will start in July 2012 but for the next 12 - 14 months the activity at the project location will be largely limited to soil investigation and site preparation. After this early work is completed, by the end of 2013 the Project’s general contractor will begin mobilizing its subcontractors to start construction activity. The plant will enter into the operations phase in 2016.

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When will the Project start hiring people?
By the end of 2013, after early site preparation is completed, the Project’s general contractor will begin mobilizing its subcontractors to start construction activity. At that time, the subcontractors will begin hiring staff.

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How can I find out about job opportunities and apply for a job?
By the end of 2013, contractors will begin to advertise in the community and contractors’ contact information will be put on ERC’s website.
ERC will coordinate with the general contractor to ensure that its subcontractors use a transparent hiring process which will provide opportunities for fair and equal consideration of all applicants. All qualified candidates will be given opportunities to be selected for positions for which they are qualified in terms of education, job experiences and required skills.
When construction is nearing completion at the end of 2015, applicants with skills related to operations and maintenance can apply for positions with the Egyptian Projects Operation & Maintenance (EPROM), an EGPC affiliated company, which is ERC’s contractor for the operations phase of the Project.

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What qualifications are required to be selected for jobs?
Contractors who will be working on the Project will determine the qualifications of workers they require. Their requirements will probably include experienced mechanics, welders, carpenters, electricians, pipefitters and some people for general construction site work.

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Is there an age limit for job applicants?
In accordance with Egyptian labor law standards and international standards, no person under 18 years of age will be hired by contractors working on the Project.

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What is the affect of the Project on the community during the construction phase with respect to traffic?
During the construction phase of the Project (beginning in late 2013 and until the Project is completed in 2016) there will be increased traffic and activity in the area. Following recognized practices established by the International Finance Corporation (World Bank), the Company will follow best international practices with regard to safety and to mitigate the impact of traffic, dust and noise on the community.
Workers on the Project will be provided with bus transportation by their employers to ensure they do not take up space on public transport, and employees will work in shifts which start and stop at different times from other industries in the area. A road safety campaign for truck drivers will be in place and trucks will be inspected to ensure they are well maintained to reduce accidents, noise and traffic fumes.

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Where will the workers be housed during construction?
It is anticipated that contractor personnel will be brought to the site by buses from various areas around Cairo. If any workers’ accommodations are required, these will be located in areas several kilometres away from the project site and workers will be brought to and from the project site by buses. Prior to any workers’ accommodations being established, if required, the location will be studied pursuant to an environmental and social assessment performed in accordance with international standards to ensure that the workers’ presence would not negatively impact the nearby community.

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Will there be an impact on the cost of food and housing as a result of the project activity?
We anticipate that there will be a positive impact on businesses which are operating in the area due to more customers, particularly during the construction period. The Company does not anticipate that prices will increase as a direct consequence of the ERC Project.

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What will ERC offer my family, me or my neighborhood?
ERC and its shareholders are committed to ensuring that the communities around the Project benefit from the Project in terms of training, employment opportunities and development projects which address the needs of the people living in communities in the area of the Project. Although activity on the Project has not started, already vocational training for over 500 welders, pipefitter, mechanics and electricians has been provided to prepare people in the nearby communities to obtain jobs. Training courses in specialty areas such as welding, mechanical electrical, pipefitting and carpentry will continue to be offered and applications from people with the basic skills which would qualify them for the training programs will be accepted in ERC’s Community Development Office.

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What is the Company plan for developing the community?
The Company is currently assessing the needs of the communities around the Project and in consultation with community members, government officials and NGOs is identifying community projects to improve education, health, skills training and employment opportunities for members of the communities near the project site. A program to refurbish several public schools in the area has started.

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Has the Project received approval from the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency?
Yes, in April 2009 the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA) gave its preliminary approval for the Project after reviewing the technical reports from Cairo and Ain Shams Universities. ERC is committed to implement all of the requirements set forth in the EEAA approval.

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From an environmental point of view, could this Project be built in Europe or other countries?
Yes, this Project meets all the World Bank and European environmental standards which would be required to allow the Project to be built in Europe or the U.S.

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When the Project is operating, will it make the air pollution worse in the Mostorod Area?
No, the Project will actually result in an improvement in the quality of air in Mostorod and the Cairo area. ERC is committed to improve the environmental conditions for the companies in Mostorod Petroleum Complex through several environmental improvements such as changing the Cairo Oil Refining Companies heaters’ burners to low-NOX burners, thereby significantly improving the quality of air in the Mostorod area. On the national level, when the Project is operational, it will reduce the current levels of SO2 emissions by 186,000 tons each year, which represents 29% of the total SO2 currently emitted overall in Egypt from burning high sulfur-containing fuels.

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What will ERC do about noise and dust?
ERC has established a plan to minimize construction nuisance to local residents. For example, the construction site will be watered and barriers will be built to minimize dust. The equipment and machinery installed for the Project will be designed in accordance with Egyptian and World Bank standards and regulations with regard to noise and emissions. In addition, the ERC Project will plant trees at its boundary to minimize noise and dust and add greenery to the environment.

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Will ERC’s Project use the water of Ismailia Canal? Will this hinder the society from using the water of the canal?
The amount of water consumption by ERC’s Project for its processing units will not affect the normal flow of the canal. The amount of used water will not exceed 0.4% of the total canal flow, which is a relatively small amount compared to the canal flow rate and will not affect its water level.

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How can the community be assured that the Company will satisfy its environmental and social commitments?
The international financial institutions which are providing funds for the Project have conditioned their participation on the Company meeting its commitments to protect and improve the lives of members of the communities who may be impacted by the Project. To ensure that the Company continues to meet its commitments, the lenders have engaged an international environmental and social consulting firm to monitor and report on the Company’s performance.
ERC will not receive the final license from the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA) to operate except after ensuring its implementation of Egyptian and international environmental requirements. Also, ERC is issuing a Letter of Guarantee to the Governorate of Qalyoubia for a value of 50 million EGP to ensure that ERC will construct the Project to meet EEAA requirements.
During the operations phase of the Project, the EEAA will continually monitor the Project’s environmental compliance using state-of-the-art monitoring equipment connected to EEAA’s offices.

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Where will the Project be located?
ERC has leased a space inside the Mostorod Petroleum Complex to construct the Project as it is an upgrade of the existing CORC Refinery. ERC is leasing an additional neighboring site for its administrative and services facilities.

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Why isn’t the Project being built in the desert rather than in Mostorod?
The Project is an upgrade of the existing CORC Refinery to meet the increasing demand for petroleum products in the Greater Cairo. As an upgrade, it has to be located next to the existing facility.

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Why is ERC being located on the land of Misr Petroleum, COOP and PetroGas?
To avoid any potential impact on the community from locating a large industrial facility near a residential area, the decision was made in consultation with international advisors and EGPC to locate the ERC Project within the existing Mostorod Petroleum Complex. This required the relocation of some of the facilities of the companies and ERC is paying for the relocation and the cost of providing these new facilities, such as offices, warehouses and workshops, within 1 Km of their current locations.

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Will any houses around the Project be demolished to make land available for the Project?
No, ERC’s Project is being built on industrial sites within the Mostorod Petroleum Complex.

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Will the production of the ERC’s Project be exported abroad?
No, ERC’s liquid products will be provided directly to EGPC to meet the local market needs. Sulfur and petroleum coke which result from the refining process will be sold in the market.

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Why didn’t CORC/EGPC build the Project itself rather than involving the private sector in building the Project?
The Project is an upgrade to the existing CORC Refinery which has been in Mostorod since 1969. The overall cost of the Project will be more than EGP 20 billion. Therefore, to address the serious demand for refined products such as diesel as quickly as possible and to enable the government to use its resources for public services like healthcare and education rather than for infrastructure, EGPC has entered into a Public Private Partnership with ERC. This has made it possible to attract international financing and funds from investors necessary to build this much-needed project to provide petroleum products for the people of Egypt.

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